MFM Software Image Build

Note: This is currently incomplete.

Top of revision B board information

If you have any questions, improvements, or corrections email me at the address at the bottom of the page.

This page documents how I made the image for flashing the BBB for the MFM reader/emulator.

Note:For this old image you need to update /etc/apt/sources.list and use apt-get update -o Acquire::Check-Valid-Until=false

For Debian images are available from here and testing images here. NOTE: Don't use an image later than the 3.8 kernel. They don't support the method I am using to configure the BBB pins. I started with flashing BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.8-console-armhf-2015-07-17-2gb.img.xz. onto the BBB. The images frequently change so that one is likely to not be available.

Install various packages. Do the following logged into the BBB as root.

Setup repo. Not sure if needed.
   dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.07.05~bpo70+20150705+1_all.deb
   sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
   sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

# fetch package list
apt-get update
# bring all programs to current version
apt-get -y upgrade
# for power button
apt-get -y install acpid
# to build my software
apt-get -y install binutils-dev gcc make am335x-pru-package binutils-dev device-tree-compiler
# Set time on boot, only useful it BBB has network access
apt-get -y install ntpdate
# may be useful
apt-get -y install git zip usbutils wireless-tools wpasupplicant
# mount windows file system
apt-get -y install cifs-utils
# mount nfs file system
apt-get -y install nfs-common
# to get access to running process stdout
apt-get -y install reptyr
# binary patch programs
apt-get -y install xdelta rdiff
# For systemd-analize
apt-get install python-dbus python-cairo
#Enable usb ethernet address assignment
apt-get install udhcpd
apt-get install psmisc
#Installed on recent images
apg-get install kpartx mtools

#Disable stuff not normally needed. Below doesn't work since not really
#systemd service even though is pretends to be one.
#systemctl disable nfs-common.service
update-rc.d nfs-common disable
update-rc.d winbind disable

# configure for my software
echo options uio_pruss extram_pool_sz=1048576 > /etc/modprobe.d/uio_pruss.conf
vi /boot/uEnv.txt
  Uncommented cape disable line to as shown below
  ##Disable HDMI (v3.8.x)

   (Change u-boot to not stop boot on any character received to prevent boot
# u-boot
git clone git://
cd u-boot/
git checkout v2015.07 -b tmp
wget -c
patch -p1 < 0001-am335x_evm-uEnv.txt-bootz-n-fixes.patch

Edited include/configs/am335x_evm.h and added after
the lines
 #define CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_KEYED           1
 #define CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_STOP_STR        "s"

make distclean
make am335x_evm_defconfig
# These are only for the image I started with. u-boot is located in
# different locations on other releases.
dd if=MLO of=/dev/mmcblk0 count=1 seek=1 bs=128k
dd if=u-boot.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 count=2 seek=1 bs=384k

changed /etc/dhcp/dhclient.conf to limit delay on board startup
if ethernet cable not plugged in and reduce time till address aquired
when cable plugged in.
timeout 5;
retry 15;
initial-interval 1;

To prevent udhcpd not always starting
commented out in /opt/scripts/boot/
        #/usr/sbin/udhcpd -S ${deb_udhcpd_conf}

Download latest mfm code .tgz file and copy it to BBB and build.
scp mfm_emu_powerfail*.tgz root@ipaddr:
ssh root@ipaddr
tar -xzf mfm_emu_powerfail_*.tgz
cd mfm
cd ../emu
cd ../powerfail
exit (or poweroff)

Created /etc/mfm_emu.conf and /etc/systemd/system/mfm_emu.service. 
Files referenced may not be the latest.

Modified /opt/scripts/boot/ to prevent endless
reboots and reflashing if mfm board installed since it does auto
power back on. Making halt do what it is supposed to would be better.
if [ ! "x${are_we_flasher}" = "x" ] ; then
if [ ! "x${are_we_flasher}" = "x" ] ; then
        echo 0 > /sys/class/leds/beaglebone\:green\:usr0/brightness
        echo 0 > /sys/class/leds/beaglebone\:green\:usr1/brightness
        echo 0 > /sys/class/leds/beaglebone\:green\:usr2/brightness
        echo 0 > /sys/class/leds/beaglebone\:green\:usr3/brightness
        halt -f

Make small empty fatfs file
/bin/dd if=/dev/zero of=/opt/empty_fatfs bs=1k count=50
/sbin/mkfs.vfat /opt/empty_fatfs
Modified /opt/scripts/boot/ to enable serial, usb ethernet,
   and storage gadgets. 
Commented out
                #modprobe g_ether ${g_network} || true
And added after it
                modprobe g_multi file=/tmp/empty_fatfs cdrom=0 ro=0 stall=0 removable=1 nofua=1 ${g_network} || true
Note: There is no syncronization/locking so if you mount the filesystem
on the beagelbone and both write bad things are likely to happen. Not sure if
one side read only works ok.

# To copy back to microSD, put card in BBB after boot starts to prevent
# trying to boot from it
apt-get clean
mount /dev/mmcblk1p1 /mnt/
cp /root/u-boot/MLO /mnt/opt/backup/uboot/
cp /root/u-boot/u-boot.img /mnt/opt/backup/uboot/
# Save 215 MB
rm -rf /root/u-boot
# (-n to dry run, -v to show files copied
rsync -aAx --delete /* /mnt/ --exclude={/dev/*,/proc/*,/sys/*,/tmp/*,/run/*,/mnt/*,/media/*,/lost+found,/uEnv.txt,/boot,/var/log,/etc/ssh}

Using zerofree command on partition can shrink image

# uncomment the below line in /mnt/boot/uEnv.txt to disable HDMI interface
To copy card to image (device name only right for my computer):
dd if=/dev/sdb bs=100k count=17408 | xz > BBB-mfm-emu.xz

To disable/enable flashing comment/uncomment boot/uEnv.txt cmdline= line


Enabling Ethernet seems to make poweroff and possibly startup wait for a while. The -f flag on poweroff/halt prevents that delay.

There are various issues with detecting when USB devices are plugged in. Hopefully a later kernel version will fix these and have the cape support needed for confiugring the BBB pins. I haven't investigated too much since they are only a minor nuisance for my usage.

If you wish to configure USB wireless device this is the first page I found that worked for me.

Feel free to contact me, David Gesswein with any questions, comments on the web site, or if you have related equipment, documentation, software etc. you are willing to part with.  I am interested in anything PDP-8 related, computers, peripherals used with them, DEC or third party, or documentation. 

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